The Bilkent MA TEFL program includes at least 30 credits of graduate course work to be completed in one academic year and the subsequent summer (from mid-September through the end of the following July). The curriculum is based on the theoretical and practical concerns of teaching English as a foreign language. The curriculum may vary slightly from one year to the next in order to accommodate students' needs and utilize the contributions of each year's faculty. In addition to completing minimum 30 hours of graduate course work, MA TEFL students complete a master's thesis based on original research by the end of the eleven-month period of instruction. This research component is designed to help students develop their analytic skills and to provide students with an opportunity for individualized study and the pursuit of particular academic interests.


Course offerings are based on three major components:

    Linguistic Foundations : Linguistics, sociolinguistics, second language acquisition theory, and analysis of the English language

    Pedagogy : Language teaching methodology, curriculum development, materials development, and testing

    Research : Research skills for the preparation and writing of a thesis


TEFL 501 Second Language Acquisition

Theories of second language acquisition. Students analyze both qualitative and quantitative research studies done in this field during the past 30 years. Credit units: 3.

TEFL 503 Linguistics: The Nature of Language

Foundations in linguistics with an emphasis on basic terminology, concepts, and analysis. Main topics include phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Discussion focuses on their relevance and application to second language acquisition and foreign language teaching. Credit units: 3.

TEFL 521 EFL Methodology

Discussion of the major foreign language teaching methods in their historical contexts, as well as individual language skills and integrated skills. Current areas of concern in ESL/EFL are also examined, and key EFL/ESL terminology is reviewed. Credit units: 3.

TE 531  Research Methods in Linguistics I

Introduction to skills in library research and applied linguistics research methodology including the collection, analysis, and processing of data. Issues of research methodology are examined for their applicability to critiquing published research and to conducting original research in language-learning environments. Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods research traditions are examined.

TEFL 555 Written Academic Discourse

Focus on developing essential skills for effective presentation of academic language in written discussion. Meta-discussion of reading and exercises will help develop students' own abilities to teach academic writing. Credit units: 3.

TEFL 556 Seminar in TEFL (Restricted Elective)

In-depth exploration of and innovative approaches to topics of importance in the field of TEFL. The course may be divided into two eight-week seminars to allow expanded coverage of the issues. Specific topics to be determined by the instructor(s). Credit units: 3.


TEFL 510 Language Testing

Theoretical and practical considerations in the construction, use, and critical evaluation of both classroom and standardized tests of language proficiency. Students are acquainted with basic concepts of validity and reliability, as well as a variety of different kinds of tests and testing techniques. Credit units: 3.

TEFL 528 Curriculum Development and Evaluation

Principles of course design, implementation, and evaluation. The role of the teacher in the curriculum process is central to the course. Small projects and papers relating to students' experiences will provide skills in developing and evaluating curricula. Credit units: 3.

TEFL 530 Materials Development

Selection, adaptation, development, evaluation, and implementation of lesson plans, textbooks, and other materials for different teaching situations. Students become familiar with a variety of materials. Opportunities are provided for critiquing, developing, and adapting materials for a wide range of contexts and target groups. Credit units: 3.

TE 532  Research Methods in Linguistics II

This course is a continuation of Research Methods in Linguistics I, and includes further detailed examination of theoretical and methodological topics in the contemporary literature on qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods research designs. It also explores topics in the ongoing development of applied linguistics research methodology in particular, and provides students with additional practice in the critical reading, understanding, and assessing of published research.

TEFL 506 Sociolinguistics (Restricted Elective)

Examination of linguistic variation in English among social groups due to region, socio-economic status, gender, ethnicity, and age, especially as this variation relates to language learning. Linguistic registers, standard and non-standard dialects, language attitudes, and attitudes toward language learning are also treated. Credit units: 3.

TE 550 Thesis Seminar



 TEFL 554 Thesis Writing

Focus on presenting aspects of research findings in an organized and coherent manner. Students receive critical feedback from peers and their instructor on their thesis. The emphasis is on improvement of academic discourse appropriate to complete the program thesis successfully. Credit units: 3.